Despite the heightened measures formulated by government agencies to help curb corruption cases, it seems that the same old problem is here to stay with U.S. based Transparency International recently released the East Africa’s Bribery Index 2012 survey, illustrating just how bribery has generally mounted in almost all regional’s economic sectors. According to the survey report launched in Kampala, Uganda Police top up the list as the most bribery-prone institutions. Coming in second is the Judiciary followed by land ministry councils.
Rated out of five East African countries comprising Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and Rwanda, Uganda leads with 40.7 percent bribery levels followed by neighbouring Tanzania at 39.1 percent. Thanks to its tedious sensitization measures over the past couple of years, Kenya’s bribery index rate currently stands at 29.5 percent, followed by Burundi and Rwanda at 18.8 percent and 2.5 percent respectively.
Going by the previous survey, Uganda stood at 38 percent in spite of having established some of the best ranked anti-corruption institutions in the region. Analysts express concerns that should the loopholes not be spotted early enough, the bribery issue might end up bringing the entire country’s economic performance to its knees. This is so because the outcomes would immensely contribute to the increase in the cost of carrying out business. A good example is the current state of affairs in the country’s judiciary system which has been blamed for engaging in corruptive deals.
With the police taking the lead over the years, the citizens seem to lose confidence in the two institutions. Normally, it’s the judiciary and the police that the citizens place reliance in championing for the rights of the minority. Contrary to how the situation is on the ground, it appears as though justice is for the reserved few. Also featuring in the list was the tax services organ which recorded 40.6 percent. Other government organs such as the licensing services had 34 percent bribery rating.
Majority of the respondents however felt reluctant in reporting the cases for what they believed that no action would be taken to remedy the situation at all. This represented a total of 34.1 percent with 17.6 citing fear of intimidation from the culprits. Though the citizens are aware of the existence of bribery in almost all government organizations, the report revealed that they would report the cases on condition that an independent body would be created and win the public’s confidence and giving assurance of dealing with the culprits. Some also blamed the country’s lack of political will to fight the practice as some of the leaders have been implicated in crafty corruption deals.
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